When an illness or disease affects the large intestine or colon, sometimes the best cure is to remove part of them. A colon resection is major surgery done in a Pottstown, PA, hospital and requires staying over for several days before being sent home. Once they have fully recovered, most people find that they can continue to live their lives normally after a colon resection. When a person’s doctor has recommended this procedure to cure an illness or disease, here is what they need to know.
Why Colon Resections Are Done
There are several reasons why this procedure is considered, such as:
- Scar tissue in the colon creates a blockage
- Cancerous cells have grown in the colon
- An irritable bowel disease, such as diverticulitis, has set into the colon
- persistent bleeding in the colon
These all leave the person with a dysfunctional colon which will plague them until a portion of it is removed.
Types of Colon Resection
The colon carries bodily waste from the intestine to the rectum and out of the body. How much of the colon is removed depends on where the illness or damage resides. The procedure may include:
- Removing all of the colon and the rectum
- Removing all of the colon but leaving the rectum intact
- Removing only a portion of the colon
The surgery is done with the person under a general anesthetic by a specialist, such as Dr. Sean Yuan. The procedure may be done in one of two ways:
The diseased part of the colon is removed through a tube inserted into small incisions made in the person’s abdomen.
Large incisions in the abdomen are made so the surgeon can work directly with the diseased colon and rectum.
To allow the large intestine to continue doing its job of removing waste from the body, one of the following procedures are done:
The healthy portions of the colon are sewn back together so the waste leaves the body through the rectum.
An opening is made in the abdomen and the intestine is attached to this opening so the waste can be collected in a bag outside of the body.
The person must stay in the hospital under careful observation of the doctors and staff to make sure the remaining colon and large intestine are functioning properly.
Returning to Normal Daily Activities
The staff at a facility such as the Bariatric Surgeon/Weightloss Surgery center are available to address any concerns that a person has as they return to their normal daily activities. Most people who have had a colon resection can go back to work and continue such activities as playing sports, traveling, and working around the house and yard.
If the person had the colon resection to treat the presence of cancer or an irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), such as Crohn’s disease, they may need follow up treatment with their doctor.